Location of Goa
Goa has a total area of 3,702 sq.km, and geographically, its position is
marked by 15° 48'00" N and 14° 53'54" N latitude and 74° 20'13"E and
73°40'33E longitude. In the north, Goa has a common boundary with Rat-nagiri
district of Maharashtra and Kolhapur district also from the same state;
to the west, Goa has a 100km long coastline washed by the waters of the
Arabian Sea; and, to the east, Goa shares a boundary with Karna-taka
State and its districts of Bel gaum, Dharwar and North Kanara.
Goa is well connected by airline
services to most major cities in India. All flights, national and
international, to and from Goa, operate from the Goa Airport at Dabolim
near the port town of Vasco-da-Gama.
The airport is about 30 kms from the capital city of Panaji and is
owned by the Indian Navy. Major airline operators such as Indian
Airlines, Jet Airways and Sahara Airlines have flights carrying
passengers and cargo in and out of Goa. Besides these, a number of chartered flights land in Goa from UK and other European countries. The
national airline Air India also lands a few international flights,
especially from the Gulf countries. Most of the local airlines have a
contact phone number in the city as well as at the airport
where the latest information about flight status is always
available. The list of phone numbers is available in the
travel services section of the website.
It is advisable to book your tickets well in advance,
especially during the high peak tourist season of October to
January when most flights run full. It is also essential to
re-confirm your flight timings at least 24 hours before
Most major international airlines usually have agreements
with one or more of their domestic counterparts in India, so
if you are arriving from abroad it is possible to book your
onward domestic flight at the same time as you pay for your
Goa by Rail:
There was a time when the train journey from Mumbai took
twenty-four hours, on the winding route via Miraj and Pune, involving a
change of trains too. Today, the high-speed Konkan Railway has a daily
train which hardly takes around 8-9 hours for the same journey. Other
trains between Mumbai and Panaji take typically around 10-12 hours.
The rail route also has trains which travel past Mumbai to
other northern areas of India right upto Delhi as well as down south to
Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala. The Konkan Railway has special reservation
facility via the internet for foreigners which allows payment to be made
by credit cards. There are also computerized reservation systems in most
As the demand for the rail journey is quite high and most
trains run filled to capacity, it is highly advisable to reserve the
tickets well in advance of your actual journey to Goa. Goa has two major
railway stations — Margao and Vasco-da-Gama, both located in the
southern area of the state. The South Central Railway terminus is at
Vasco-da-Gama and the Konkan Railway terminus is at Margao. Besides the
two main stations, the trains usually halt for a few minutes at a number
of other smaller stations in Goa.
The Konkan Railway has trains which ply between Mumbai and Goa and other
destinations. The latest updated schedules for these are available on
the official Konkan Railway website. The South Central Railway has one
train, the Nizamuddin Goa Express coming in daily in the early morning.
This train departs from Delhi and comes to Goa via Pune.
The Konkan Railway undoubtedly offers the quickest and
cheapest route to Goa from Mumbai. In Mumbai there are two booking
offices: one is on the upper floor of the Western Railways booking
office in Churchgate Station and the second is at the Central Railway
booking office, at the rear of Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Victoria
Terminus or VT).
Goa by Road:
Goa is connected with all the major towns in India via the National
Highways NH4A, NH17 and NH17A. In most places along the way, the highway
roads are in excellent condition and motorable at fairly good speeds.
There are bus services operating from Goa to most towns and cities in
neighbouring states, such as Mumbai, Pune, Belgaum, Hubli,
Bangalore, Mangalore etc. at fairly regular intervals
throughout the day. These services are operated by the state
owned Kadamba Transport Corporation (white and blue buses)
as well as the respective transport corporations of the
neighbouring states. Besides there are numerous private bus
operators who provide all kinds of bus services from special
to deluxe AC to sleeper coaches along these routes.
The bus services operate from the huge Kadamba bus stand at
Panaji and from similar but much smaller bus stands in other
Goan towns. Most buses tend to arrive in Goa in the early
hours of the morning. The departures are in the early
afternoon as well as early evening. The buses usually stop
along the way for dinner and breakfast at roadside
restaurants. Ticket charges vary from Rs 250 to Rs 650,
depending upon the distance, the season, the demand and the
quality of bus service. A journey to Mumbai, takes around
The tickets can be obtained through recognized travel agents
or the offices of the state transport corporations. The
private buses usually depart from the Fort area and make
stops at a number of places around Mumbai before leaving the
Ensure that you have your seat and the bus registration
number, and confirm the exact time and place of departure
with the travel agent, as these frequently vary between
The drive down from Mumbai, if you are coming by car, is
along the beautiful highway which hugs the Konkan coastline,
with excellent scenic beauty and typical small towns and
villages along the entire route. There are a few winding and
steep routes (called 'ghats') across the mountain ranges
which add to the charm of the journey.
Goa by Sea:
In the sixties and seventies, there was actually a pair of steamers
which used to ply between Panaji and Mumbai, carrying loads of
passengers on a charming journey along the Konkan coastline.
A catamaran service was started by Damania Shipping in 1994, between
Mumbai and Goa, using a beautiful Scandinavian-built vessel, with
aeroplane-style reclining seats. The trip from Mumbai used to take seven
hours to reach Panaji. The catamaran too, travelled around 40 km
offshore, giving travellers a glimpse of the palm-fringed Konkan coast.
The service was later taken over by another company, Frank Shipping
before being closed down due to technical reasons.
A new service by Sa mlink has started in Dec. 2004 and plies thrice
weekly from Mumbai to Goa. Departures are at around 9 am and arrivals at
around 6.30 in the eveni