Climate in Goa
|Average daily maximum temperatures
0C and monthly rainfall (mm)
The State of Goa is within the tropics. To its west it
has the Arabian Sea while, in the east, are the Sahyadris (Western Ghats)
where the average height is in the range of l km. This State has a
tropical-maritime, mon - soonish climate. Being close to the Arabian Sea
and generally having spells of good monsoon (south-west), the climate is
on the pleasant side, although it could become somewhat uncomfortable,
in the absence of winds, during pre and post monsoon months. Also, Goa
really has no line of demarcation between the winter and summer months
the former being from January to February and the hot weather being from
March to May. The south-west monsoon generally hits Goa in early June
and carries on till around September.
The monsoon bursts over Goa in early June and by the end of
September/early October it withdraws: during its tenure over Goa, the
monsoon gives rise to annual rainfall in the vicinity of 350 cm.
However, towards the Western Ghats, the rainfall tends to be a little
more and is around 400 cm annually. From available records, some parts
of Goa have had extensive rainfall e.g. Colem had rainfall of 563.0 mm
on the 24th August 1934.
Variations in temperature in Goa are minimal. The month of May is
perhaps Goa's hottest month when the temperature is around 30°c while
the "cool" month of January touches temperature lows around 20°c.
However, oddly enough, the day temperatures touch the lowest during the
monsoon months of July and August and not in the "cold weather" months
of January and February. This, however, is not the case when one
considers night temperatures: the 'cold weather' months, this time, are
true to expectations might temperatures generally hovers around 20°c in
With a proximity to the Arabian Sea and with so many rivers and lakes,
humidity in Goa is relatively high; mainly around 60%.
The months of November to March give Goa lightly clouded skies but prior
to the onslaught of the monsoon, the skies are overcast and increase,
sharply, in their cloud formation. These heavy clouds are part of the
monsoon and, consequently, when the monsoon starts to recede, cloudiness
During October to April, the morning winds are easterly to
northeasterly; and in May the winds are north to north-east. However, as
could be expected, during the monsoon, the winds generally are westerly
throughout the day; and, during the monsoon, wind speeds are fairly
strong but, during the rest of the year, winds are of moderate strength.
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